Take this Roman Empire Test to find out how much you know about it. We update the quiz regularly and it’s the most accurate among the other quizzes.
The transition of Rome from a republic to an empire was marked by turmoil and civil wars in the first century BCE. Julius Caesar’s career spanned this time period, and he eventually rose to full power as Rome’s dictator. Following Caesar’s assassination in 44 BCE, the triumvirate of Mark Antony, Lepidus, and Caesar’s nephew, Octavian, governed. It wasn’t long before Octavian went to war in northern Africa against Antony, and following his triumph at Actium (31 BCE), he was anointed Rome’s first emperor, Augustus. His rule, which lasted from 27 BCE to 14 CE, was marked by stability and peace.
Augustus established a principate system of governance, which merged features of the republic with the traditional powers of a monarchy. The Senate continued to function, however, Augustus retained the authority of the government as princeps, or first citizen. Also, you must try to play this Roman Empire test.
Roman Empire Test
Ancient Rome expanded from a little town on the Tiber River in central Italy in the seventh century B.C. to an empire that at its peak covered much of continental Europe, Britain, much of western Asia, northern Africa, and the Mediterranean islands. Among the many legacies of Roman supremacy is the widespread usage of Romance languages derived from Latin (Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian), the present Western alphabet and calendar, and the establishment of Christianity as a prominent international religion. Following Julius Caesar’s rise and collapse in the first century B.C., Rome became an empire after 450 years as a republic. The Roman Empire’s lengthy and glorious reign of its first emperor, Augustus, inaugurated a golden age of peace and prosperity; by contrast, the Roman Empire’s downfall and fall by the fifth century A.D. were one of the most catastrophic implosions in human civilization history.
According to tradition, Romulus and Remus, twin sons of Mars, the god of war, established Rome in 753 B.C. After being abandoned in a basket on the Tiber by a king of nearby Alba Longa and rescued by a she-wolf, the twins went on to fight that king and create their own city on the river’s banks in 753 B.C. After murdering his brother, Romulus became the first ruler of Rome, which bears his name. A non-hereditary sequence of Sabine, Latin, and Etruscan (previous Italian civilizations) kings followed.
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Romulus, Numa Pompilius, Tullus Hostilius, Ancus Martius, Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (Tarquin the Elder), Servius Tullius, and Tarquinius Superbus, or Tarquin the Proud, are the seven mythological kings of Rome (534-510 B.C.). While they were known as “Rex” or “King” in Latin, all rulers after Romulus were chosen by the senate.
The monarch’s authority was delegated to two consuls, who were elected on an annual basis. They also served as army commanders in chief. Though elected by the public, the magistrates were generally drawn from the Senate, which was dominated by patricians, or descendants of Romulus’ initial senators. Politics in the early republic was characterized by a long struggle between patricians and plebeians (the common people), who eventually gained some political power after years of concessions from patricians, including their own political bodies, the tribunes, which could initiate or veto legislation.